BICYCLE DUTCH

All about cycling in the Netherlands

A wooden cycle bridge in Oirschot

Billet en français

With the trains still restricted to essential travel only, I am forced to find topics for my blog within cycling distance. As luck would have it, an impressive new wooden cycle bridge was opened just last month in Oirschot about 23 kilometres from my home. I only found out about it recently, but I was able to cycle there already the following day. I can now show you what a magnificent new bridge it is!

The new wooden cycle bridge in Oirschot is used by young and old. It provides a wonderful and safe route to school for many children.

The bridge was designed to become a new icon in Oirschot. I think the designers have succeeded!

Although it is not far away from ʼs-Hertogenbosch, Oirschot is much closer to Eindhoven and Tilburg and is more connected to those two cities. That meant that I hadn’t heard about this bridge at all. I did cycle to Oirschot before to show you the nice cycle route from Oirschot to Boxtel and that was the same route I had to take now. The route was so familiar that I could ride it without having to look at a map on my phone once. After a little over an hour I simply reached the beautiful bridge and I spent two hours on and around it, admiring it and filming. I was there much longer than I had anticipated, but I also enjoyed the lunch sandwiches I brought with me and took all the time I needed.

The bridge crosses the Wilhelmina Canal diagonally. That way the church tower in the town centre is visible from the bridge at the end of it.

The name of the bridge is formed by the combined last names of two soldiers who lost their lives in the liberation of Oirschot in October 1944.

The bridge connects a new neighbourhood south of the Wilhelmina Canal to the historic town centre of Oirschot, but it is also part of the developing so-called Green Corridor to Eindhoven about 14 kilometres to the south-east. I have shown you the Eindhoven part of this corridor (aptly called Oirschotsedijk) in my portrait about Eindhoven some years ago. That road was changed to a cycle street in 2013. The decision to build this bridge was taken in 2015.

Much of the construction is in clear sight, but other parts are not. The pillar is actually concrete, the bricks are cladding. The same goes for the large standing beam. That is steel cladded in wood. The rest of the beams of the bridge are really 100% wood.

It is always interesting to see how the beams connect in a truss bridge. For extra support there are steel rods.

The wooden deck of the access ramps is supported by slim steel beams and pillars. This leads to clear and open sight-lines, which blends the bridge in the surroundings better.

That the bridge is constructed from wood has to do with the fact that the designers wanted the bridge to fit in with that green corridor which is mainly going to be used for recreation. The tropical hardwood Azobe was chosen to construct this truss bridge, but there are also steel and brick elements. The ramps are supported by slender steel columns that keep the sight lines open. The main span of the bridge rests on two concrete pillars clad in red brick. The railings are steel in an earth tone colour that will fit with the redeveloping landscaping (more trees will later be planted around the bridge.) The main span was constructed in Kampen. It was shipped in one piece (95 metric tons in weight) all across the Netherlands. The route was an impressive 245 kilometres long and took the pontoon with the bridge deck via Lake IJssel and a number of rivers and canals all the way to Oirschot. The bridge was built by the same company that also built the wooden bridge in Harderwijk. I showed you that bridge earlier. I also wrote about yet two other wooden cycle bridges; one in ʼs-Hertogenbosch and one in Grubbenvorst.

The impressive route the bridge had to follow (halfway across the country) from the building location to Oirschot.

A still from the video by Willem van Gils, who filmed from a drone how the bridge was placed on 15 February 2020. I could use some of that footage in my video with his kind permission.

The design of this new bridge is very well balanced and some design features are not so much visible as they are noticeable when you use the bridge. For instance that all turns in the bridge have the exact same wide radius. That makes the ride very comfortable. The slopes also add to the comfort. The inclines are very gentle: just 2.65% on the north side and 3.1% on the south side. That is well below the recommended maximum grade of 5% in the Dutch recommendations. It is absolutely possible for people of all ages and backgrounds to use this bridge. It is also no problem at all to push a baby carriage or a wheel chair up and people in mobility scooters will be able to easily use the bridge as well. Pedestrians can take stairs as a shortcut. The stairs have grooves, so you can also push your bicycle up. That seemed a bit excessive at first, but I saw one young girl using the stairs all the while shouting to her grandmother “see, it IS shorter this way”. But her grandmother used the ramps instead; much more convenient. The total length of the bridge and the access ramps is 280.5 metres, of which 40.5 metres form the actual bridge over the canal. The useable bridge deck is 4 metres wide. The full width of the bridge is wider with the railings and the beams. The deck surface is wood, but it has anti-slip strips to make it safer when the wood gets wet for instance. At night the bridge is beautifully lit with light fixtures at the top of the main span and LED lights in the railings. Unfortunately, it is light until almost midnight now, so I didn’t get to film that.

After the main span of the bridge was placed the bridge was finished on location. The wood of the deck with the anti-slip strips for instance were placed on the steel frame. The attention to detail is clearly visible.

The stairs can be used by pedestrians to bypass the ramps. Thanks to grooves in the stairs you can also do that with a bicycle. This girl proved to her grandmother that that saves time, but her grandmother preferred the ramps, as I expect most people will.

The bridge crosses the canal diagonally. That was a deliberate design choice, because that way the church tower of the main church in Oirschot is perfectly aligned with the bridge. The sight-lines were not only part of the design, they were also cause for concern. In 2016, in the public consultation, residents expressed concern that people on the bridge ramps would be at the same height as their bedroom windows and they would be looking into those bedrooms. The municipality stated that the bridges’ footprint was kept as small as possible so the access ramps would be as far away as possible and this would not be a major problem.

The bridge is integrated in the landscape design around the canal that forms one end of the green corridor between Eindhoven and Oirschot.

The radii of all bends in the bridge ramps are wide and identical. That is not something you see, but you do notice it when you use the bridge. This level of detail in the design is important to increase comfort.

Cross section of the access ramps.

Cross section of the main bridge and some details. Images from Ballast Nedam the contractor that built the bridge.

The actual construction work on the site of the bridge started in the summer of 2019. The bridge was supposed to be finished by the end of 2019 but a conflict arose between the municipality and the contractor Ballast Nedam. This company also built the huge cycle bridge in Nigtevecht that I showed you earlier. It was established that the municipality supplied the wrong information to the contractor which led to faulty calculations and problems. The conflict resulted in delays and even an official investigation into how the public tender had taken place. In the end the municipality had to pay the contractor €500,000 extra and the delay had caused additional costs of €200,000. That amount came on top of the €1.5 million the municipality had budgeted for this bridge. The rest of the cost, €1.9 million, was taken care of by the Province of North-Brabant, bringing the total cost for this bridge to €4.1 million. After a check the pillars of the bridge on the north side turned out not be strong enough, the foundation of those pillars had to be reinforced. After that problem was out of the way, the main bridge deck could be placed in February 2020. It took two huge 400 ton cranes to lift the bridge from the pontoon it arrived on onto the pillars. Willem van Gils filmed this from a drone and I was kindly allowed to use a few seconds of his images in my video. There was still a lot to be finished on site, but the bridge could finally be opened on 20 May, albeit without much fanfare due to the Corona crises.

An information panel to explain the name of the bridge. You can also listen to the story in three languages when you crank first to power up the sound system.

I didn’t like everything around the bridge. These bollards are no doubt necessary, but there are no lines on the ground to announce their presence and that could lead to crashes. Not good.

The bridge was named Stönner-Meijwaard Bridge, after the last names of two soldiers who died in World War II during the liberation of Oirschot in 1944. This ties the bridge to local history and to cycle routes which interested people can follow to learn more about the war. World War II is never far away in the Netherlands. There is a determination not to forget the horrors of the war and that people gave their lives to end it. I’ve shown you the cycle route through the war museum in Overloon and the cycle tour to remember that we have lived in freedom for 70 years.

Oirschot is close to Eindhoven and Tilburg. The route to Eindhoven is currently being transformed into a Green Corridor.

The bridge is useable with all types of bicycles.

The wooden truss bridge of Oirschot.

The cycle bridge was admired by many people who came to have a look, also the day I visited it to film. This stunning new bridge will become a new icon of Oirschot and an extra reason to cycle there for many people from now on.

My video report about the bridge.

Crossing the bridge in both directions.

A ride from north to south in 360 degrees.

 

 

 

5 comments on “A wooden cycle bridge in Oirschot

  1. Pingback: A wooden cycle bridge in Oirschot | Bicycle Dutch

  2. Jeanne à vélo
    24 June 2020

    So nice!
    What are the padlocks on the red and white bollards for?

    • Bicycle Dutch
      24 June 2020

      They are removable but only by someone with the key to the padlock!

  3. rrustema
    24 June 2020

    I fully agree with the girl, based upon the second picture. It looks very inviting to just use the stairs and leave the swirling for those who recreate and lack the energy and attitude to take the most obvious route, the stairs. Good design.

  4. Kevin Love
    24 June 2020

    Mark wrote: “World War II is never far away in the Netherlands. There is a determination not to forget the horrors of the war and that people gave their lives to end it.”

    Kevin’s comment: The people of Canada also have not forgotten the great fight of First Canadian Army to liberate The Netherlands. The two soldiers commemorated in the name of the bridge were part of the Princess Irene Brigade which did its military training in Stratford, Ontario, Canada.

    50 years later, I held the rank of Captain and was the Second-in-Command of the Stratford Garrison, which was “T” Company of 4th Battalion of The Royal Canadian Regiment. The Stratford Armoury was built in 1905, and I have often wondered what other men before me used my office in the Armoury. Perhaps some of them were officers of the Princess Irene Brigade.

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This entry was posted on 24 June 2020 by in Original posts and tagged , , , , .

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